Block Unwanted Advertisements with a Hosts File on Linux
I surf the web an awful lot, probably slightly more than your average 13 year old geek. I notice that a lot of sites load rather slowly mostly because your waiting on content from outside the specific domain. For example if you go to a website like thechive.com (one of my favorites) you will notice it takes quite a long time loading the ads. It would be nice if you could block advertisements... oh you can?
Although I mentioned thechive.com I spend most of my time on the net looking for information, not entertainment. These ads really hinder my search speed!
So here is a quick way you can block all the ads. Not only will your surfing be faster but you will also save some bandwidth.
First off I would like to thank the fine folks at http://winhelp2002.mvps.org/ for doing all the leg work and collecting all the data necessary for this to work.
Now this is simple.
First, let’s make a copy of your current hosts file. Some people still use this!
Everything done below should be done as root, or with sudo access.
Here we will make a copy of your /etc/hosts file and save it in your home directory in a hidden file called .etchosts , but you can save it anywhere you like. Just be sure to change the script to make the location of your file.
cp /etc/hosts ~/.etchosts
Now we will make the shell script.
Fill the file with the following
mv hosts.txt /etc/hosts
cat ~/.etchosts >> /etc/hosts
Now we have to make sure the script is executable:
chmod +x update_hosts.sh
So just a little explanation of what the script does, it’s simple.
1) cd /tmp (Changes to a temporary working directory)
2) wget http://winhelp2002.mvps.org/hosts.txt (Gets the hosts.txt file from mvps.org and saves it.
3) rm /etc/hosts (Deletes the current /etc/hosts file)
4) mv hosts.txt /etc/hosts (Moves the new downloaded file to the /etc/hosts file)
5) cat ~/.etchosts >> /etc/hosts (Moves your old host entries back into the new file)
Now all you have to do is run the script and your advertisements will disappear from your browser.
You can use a cron job to update the hosts file automatically every night. The good folks at mvps.org update the file fairly regularly, not everyday, but a couple times a month.
Let’s add it to roots cron.
Then enter the following in the file.
59 23 * * * /root/update_hosts.sh
Remember, if you need to add something to your hosts file you now want to add it to ~/.etchosts and then run the script to update /etc/hosts.
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